• Africa - amazing export business opportunities beckon US SMBs

    Interested in the African market opportunity? Download our free whitepaper at http://strategy.consiliumglobalbusinessadvisors.com/africa-market-opportunity Many American businesses consider global business development and engage in exporting to NAFTA markets. Some have boldly pursued BRIC market opportunities, but often find themselves frustrated with the challenges. But as the EU struggles, the BRICs slow down and Asia negotiates the consequences of a Chinese market slowdown, where should companies look for aggressive growth? At Consilium Global Business Advisors we believe that Africa offers compelling and attainable opportunities for growth for American SMBs. Are there challenges? Certainly, but with careful planning, reasonable expectations and legitimate management commitment,...

    published: 14 Aug 2013
  • Why exporting to Africa is a Win-Win

    Contact us via email at contact@performanceconsultantsintl.com and also visit our webpage for more information and our research on Africa www.performanceconsultantsintl.com Our company distribute US goods in West Africa, we operate in high growth markets (construction, agriculture, power generation, water supply, flood control, mines, transportation) by only focusing on American goods capable of high profit and tailored for the Sub-Saharan Africa market. We have acquired suppliers in each market and will keep adding new products capable of impacting targeted markets. We have offices in the US and in West Africa.

    published: 06 Jul 2010
  • Start Your Own Import Export Business | 800-537-7347 | World Business Exchange Network

    If you want to learn how to start your own import export business, our firm can help. Import/export businesses match domestic and foreign buyers and sellers of various products and commodities. Import/export companies typically have low overhead costs and lean business models, allowing them to reap sizable profits for a minimal investment. Sales, marketing and relationships are the crucial elements that can make or break a new import/export business, as is paying attention to all local legal issues. Step 1 Decide which type of import/export business you wish to start. According to Entrepreneur.com, there are three main types of import/export companies. Start an export management company if you wish to partner with domestic sellers to find foreign buyers for a small group of companies ov...

    published: 22 Feb 2016
  • UKTI - Export Opportunities in South Africa

    Hear from Trade and Investment Advisor of UKTI South Africa Raksha Maharaj on how to successfully export your business to South Africa. Key Takeaways: - Assessing the status of the economic and market conditions in South Africa - Outlining the growing opportunities in South Africa as economic infrastructure develops - Planning for the challenges that could be encountered - Leveraging South Africa as a gateway to Africa - Detailing the business structures, legal requirements and tax implications of exporting to South Africa - Outlining the MOU between UKTI and an e-commerce marketplace in South Africa, designed to enable retail trade flows If you’re a UK company and would like more information about UKTI’s free services, sign up today http://bit.ly/1KRTeAx

    published: 24 Sep 2015
  • President, Africa Export Import Bank talks up Bank's plan for continent

    The African trade and policy center says the continent has the lowest figure of intra-continental trading in the world, with its members recording just 11 percent of inter-regional trade. Compared to Asia which recorded 25 percent and Europe which is above 60 percent, the continent has quite a poor showing. Well, the Africa export import bank's new president plans to raise that figure to 20 percent in the next 5 years. Here is more of the conversation I had with him.

    published: 13 Nov 2015
  • What does SA and the World Import?

    In this video, I look at what South Africa and other big countries Import. How have their imports changed over time and who are their biggest trade partners. Here is the link to the Site. http://atlas.cid.harvard.edu/explore/tree_map/export/deu/all/show/2014/

    published: 27 Sep 2016
  • 1407 Zoom in Africa Import and export as business

    published: 21 Jul 2014
  • Business Digest focus on Africans importing from Turkey

    Whats the future of Africa's Textile industry; Business Digest spoke to some of the traders importing in goods from Istanbul

    published: 16 Nov 2016
  • Ethiopia Acquires Nine Ships for Export Trade

    Ethiopia has been landlocked, since Eritrea split, away from it, more than 20 years ago. But that has not deterred the country, from seeking new ways, of growing its trade. The country has just acquired, 9 new-ships and hopes this will significantly, cut freight-charges, for its imports while helping to grow, its exports. CCTV's Girum Chala reports.

    published: 21 May 2014
  • Importing from China - Sourcing Products from Chinese Suppliers

    Importing from China is a fantastic way to source private label products. Chinese suppliers are high-profit, low-cost! Interested in making $10,000/Month? Download our free ebook here: http://wholesaleted.com/4-step Importing from China is something that I strongly recommend. It is much cheaper to purchase product from Chinese suppliers compared to USA suppliers. Some people find this idea very daunting, especially the cultural barrier. To help you, we’ve created this video outlining some of our top tips when importing from China. Tip #1: Order the minimal order quantity to start with when importing from China To be on the safe side, you should always start with the minimal order quantity when dealing with a new supplier. I understand that a lot of sellers want to start out by orderin...

    published: 11 Nov 2015
  • Import Analysis: South Africa

    A Contemporary Global Issues Powtoon on Imports from South Africa

    published: 01 May 2014
  • How To Start An Import Export Business? Are You Looking For A Profitable Business?

    http://wealthyprosperity.com/ How To Start An Import Export Business - 4 things you must know How to Start an Import/Export Business - Entrepreneur.com Jun 28, 2001 ... Editor's note: This article was excerpted from our Import/Export Business start-up guide, available from SmallBizBooks.com. ... How to Start Your Own Import & Export Business The import/export business may be your answer. Not only does it require little financial investment to start, but it offers the prestige of working with ... How to Start an Import Export Business 1-2-3 How to start a home based import export business & exporting business opportunity. Amazon.com: Start Your Own Import/Export Business (9781891984815 ... This indispensable guide for succeeding in international trade is packed with valuable insights and pr...

    published: 02 Mar 2011
  • Hardwood Charcoal Export Import - Dove Agro Seeds Ltd Product profile

    A short profile of Dove Agro Seeds Ltd, Nigeria (an African Trading Company), focusing on Charcoal, which we export, also with mention to Sesame seed, and Shea nuts.

    published: 09 Apr 2015
  • Africa 2015 - The Future of Trade

    http://www.weforum.org/ How will Africa grow its share of global trade over the next 25 years? Dimensions to be addressed: - Scaling intra-Africa trade - Harmonizing regional trade agreements - Free movement of people and services •Fatima Haram Acyl, Commissioner for Trade and Industry, African Union, Addis Ababa; Global Agenda Council on Competitiveness. •Yonov Frederick Agah, Deputy Director-General, World Trade Organization (WTO), Geneva. •Bob Diamond, Founder and Chief Executive Officer, Atlas Merchant Capital, USA. •Jean-Louis Ekra, President and Chairman of the Board of Directors, African Export-Import Bank, Egypt. •Michael Rake, Chairman, BT Group, United Kingdom; Co-Chair of the World Economic Forum on Africa. Moderated by •Anna Edwards, Anchor and Correspondent, Bloomberg Tele...

    published: 04 Jun 2015
  • Nigeria's Second car Dealers Concerned over Increase in Import Duties

    Second-hand car dealers, in Nigeria, have expressed concern, that a new automotive policy meant to encourage customers, to buy cars, assembled locally will hurt their business. The policy, will see an increase, in import tariffs and authorities say, it's meant to boost growth, in the local automobile sector and create employment.

    published: 03 Jul 2014
  • Expanding intra African trade

    African trade has grown more than four-fold‎ in the past two decades. The heart of it is one of Africa's unpopular institutions, namely: The African Export-Import Bank. CNBC Africa explores some of the latest ideas on expanding intra African trade and harnessing the continent's resources and industrialising Africa.

    published: 10 Jul 2015
Africa - amazing export business opportunities beckon US SMBs

Africa - amazing export business opportunities beckon US SMBs

  • Order:
  • Duration: 2:32
  • Updated: 14 Aug 2013
  • views: 3667
videos
Interested in the African market opportunity? Download our free whitepaper at http://strategy.consiliumglobalbusinessadvisors.com/africa-market-opportunity Many American businesses consider global business development and engage in exporting to NAFTA markets. Some have boldly pursued BRIC market opportunities, but often find themselves frustrated with the challenges. But as the EU struggles, the BRICs slow down and Asia negotiates the consequences of a Chinese market slowdown, where should companies look for aggressive growth? At Consilium Global Business Advisors we believe that Africa offers compelling and attainable opportunities for growth for American SMBs. Are there challenges? Certainly, but with careful planning, reasonable expectations and legitimate management commitment, the opportunities are real.
https://wn.com/Africa_Amazing_Export_Business_Opportunities_Beckon_US_Smbs
Why exporting to Africa is a Win-Win

Why exporting to Africa is a Win-Win

  • Order:
  • Duration: 5:40
  • Updated: 06 Jul 2010
  • views: 7980
videos
Contact us via email at contact@performanceconsultantsintl.com and also visit our webpage for more information and our research on Africa www.performanceconsultantsintl.com Our company distribute US goods in West Africa, we operate in high growth markets (construction, agriculture, power generation, water supply, flood control, mines, transportation) by only focusing on American goods capable of high profit and tailored for the Sub-Saharan Africa market. We have acquired suppliers in each market and will keep adding new products capable of impacting targeted markets. We have offices in the US and in West Africa.
https://wn.com/Why_Exporting_To_Africa_Is_A_Win_Win
Start Your Own Import Export Business | 800-537-7347 | World Business Exchange Network

Start Your Own Import Export Business | 800-537-7347 | World Business Exchange Network

  • Order:
  • Duration: 3:12
  • Updated: 22 Feb 2016
  • views: 2892
videos
If you want to learn how to start your own import export business, our firm can help. Import/export businesses match domestic and foreign buyers and sellers of various products and commodities. Import/export companies typically have low overhead costs and lean business models, allowing them to reap sizable profits for a minimal investment. Sales, marketing and relationships are the crucial elements that can make or break a new import/export business, as is paying attention to all local legal issues. Step 1 Decide which type of import/export business you wish to start. According to Entrepreneur.com, there are three main types of import/export companies. Start an export management company if you wish to partner with domestic sellers to find foreign buyers for a small group of companies over a long term. Form an export trading company if you wish to serve foreign buyers by matching them with domestic suppliers who can serve their needs. Become an import/export merchant if you wish to purchase merchandise on your own and sell it in foreign or domestic markets, keeping all profits and assuming all risks. Step 2 Register your business, and obtain any required licenses and permits. According to My Own Business website, the U.S. does not require licensing for exporting or importing most products. Exporting products on the Department of Commerce's restricted Commerce Control List, however, requires special licenses. Related Reading: What Can Affect an Import and Export Company? Step 3 Choose a target niche to focus on in the early stage of your business. Import/export activities cover such a vast range of industries that new companies can benefit from focusing on a single target at first to gain experience and establish a reputation. You may choose to focus on the food segment at first, for example, importing out-of-season produce and inexpensive foreign staples, such as rice. Step 4 Establish foreign and domestic contacts in your niche. This may be the most time-consuming step involved in starting your own import/export business. Compile lists of all foreign and domestic businesses in your chosen niche, and begin a direct sales and marketing campaign. Place calls, send emails and mail marketing materials directly to sales and purchasing managers in each company, and always follow up on all conversations and agreements. Step 5 Determine the needs and product offerings of each of your contacts, and begin to make connections. Compile a list of all the companies that expressed an interest in doing business with you in the previous step. Contact the purchasing and sales managers in each company to discover which products they have to offer to foreign buyers, and which products and materials they wish to purchase from a foreign source. Editor's note: This article was excerpted from our Import/Export Business start-up guide, available from SmallBizBooks.com. ... How to Start Your Own Import & Export Business The import/export business may be your answer. Not only does it require little financial investment to start, but it offers the prestige of working with ... How to Start an Import Export Business 1-2-3 How to start a home based import export business & exporting business opportunity. Amazon.com: Start Your Own Import/Export Business (9781891984815 ... This indispensable guide for succeeding in international trade is packed with valuable insights and practical advice for tapping into the lucrative global ... How To Start An Import Export Business The How To Start An Import Export Business Toolkit Is Your Roadmap To International Trade Success And A Comprehensive Resource Library That Will Help You ... How to Start Import Export Business|export import Discover how YOU can start and operate a PROFITABLE HOME-BASED import export company without risk and without capital investment. How to Start a Successful Import Export Business - SmallBizBooks.com This bestselling guide is your passport to success. As a top import/export business agent, you can net a healthy six-figure income by matching buyers and ... Import Export Coach Learn how to start your own import export business today! ... Every entrepreneur who wants to start an import export business. ... Export Import Guide | Business.gov Information on the export and import of specific products regulated by federal agencies. ... Use the Business.gov site map here · Start a Business ... How To Start an Import Export Business Bangladesh Pakistan United Arab Emirates Malaysia Philippines Delhi Chennai Mumbai Mahape India Johannesburg South Africa Singapore Miami FL Toronto Canada Atlanta GA USA Melbourne Australia Vietnam Viet nam China Getting started in the import and export trade business.
https://wn.com/Start_Your_Own_Import_Export_Business_|_800_537_7347_|_World_Business_Exchange_Network
UKTI - Export Opportunities in South Africa

UKTI - Export Opportunities in South Africa

  • Order:
  • Duration: 18:10
  • Updated: 24 Sep 2015
  • views: 678
videos
Hear from Trade and Investment Advisor of UKTI South Africa Raksha Maharaj on how to successfully export your business to South Africa. Key Takeaways: - Assessing the status of the economic and market conditions in South Africa - Outlining the growing opportunities in South Africa as economic infrastructure develops - Planning for the challenges that could be encountered - Leveraging South Africa as a gateway to Africa - Detailing the business structures, legal requirements and tax implications of exporting to South Africa - Outlining the MOU between UKTI and an e-commerce marketplace in South Africa, designed to enable retail trade flows If you’re a UK company and would like more information about UKTI’s free services, sign up today http://bit.ly/1KRTeAx
https://wn.com/Ukti_Export_Opportunities_In_South_Africa
President, Africa Export Import Bank talks up Bank's plan for continent

President, Africa Export Import Bank talks up Bank's plan for continent

  • Order:
  • Duration: 3:53
  • Updated: 13 Nov 2015
  • views: 624
videos
The African trade and policy center says the continent has the lowest figure of intra-continental trading in the world, with its members recording just 11 percent of inter-regional trade. Compared to Asia which recorded 25 percent and Europe which is above 60 percent, the continent has quite a poor showing. Well, the Africa export import bank's new president plans to raise that figure to 20 percent in the next 5 years. Here is more of the conversation I had with him.
https://wn.com/President,_Africa_Export_Import_Bank_Talks_Up_Bank's_Plan_For_Continent
What does SA and the World Import?

What does SA and the World Import?

  • Order:
  • Duration: 14:09
  • Updated: 27 Sep 2016
  • views: 201
videos
In this video, I look at what South Africa and other big countries Import. How have their imports changed over time and who are their biggest trade partners. Here is the link to the Site. http://atlas.cid.harvard.edu/explore/tree_map/export/deu/all/show/2014/
https://wn.com/What_Does_Sa_And_The_World_Import
1407 Zoom in Africa Import and export as business

1407 Zoom in Africa Import and export as business

  • Order:
  • Duration: 45:05
  • Updated: 21 Jul 2014
  • views: 397
videos
https://wn.com/1407_Zoom_In_Africa_Import_And_Export_As_Business
Business Digest focus on Africans importing from Turkey

Business Digest focus on Africans importing from Turkey

  • Order:
  • Duration: 12:19
  • Updated: 16 Nov 2016
  • views: 1010
videos
Whats the future of Africa's Textile industry; Business Digest spoke to some of the traders importing in goods from Istanbul
https://wn.com/Business_Digest_Focus_On_Africans_Importing_From_Turkey
Ethiopia Acquires Nine Ships for Export Trade

Ethiopia Acquires Nine Ships for Export Trade

  • Order:
  • Duration: 1:23
  • Updated: 21 May 2014
  • views: 6302
videos
Ethiopia has been landlocked, since Eritrea split, away from it, more than 20 years ago. But that has not deterred the country, from seeking new ways, of growing its trade. The country has just acquired, 9 new-ships and hopes this will significantly, cut freight-charges, for its imports while helping to grow, its exports. CCTV's Girum Chala reports.
https://wn.com/Ethiopia_Acquires_Nine_Ships_For_Export_Trade
Importing from China - Sourcing Products from Chinese Suppliers

Importing from China - Sourcing Products from Chinese Suppliers

  • Order:
  • Duration: 6:35
  • Updated: 11 Nov 2015
  • views: 78248
videos
Importing from China is a fantastic way to source private label products. Chinese suppliers are high-profit, low-cost! Interested in making $10,000/Month? Download our free ebook here: http://wholesaleted.com/4-step Importing from China is something that I strongly recommend. It is much cheaper to purchase product from Chinese suppliers compared to USA suppliers. Some people find this idea very daunting, especially the cultural barrier. To help you, we’ve created this video outlining some of our top tips when importing from China. Tip #1: Order the minimal order quantity to start with when importing from China To be on the safe side, you should always start with the minimal order quantity when dealing with a new supplier. I understand that a lot of sellers want to start out by ordering larger quantities. This makes sense, because the more you order the lower the cost is per-item, and the higher your profit margins. It also means that you will have a smaller chance of running out of stock. In Spite of this, when importing from China with a new Chinese supplier, I recommend starting with the minimal order quantity (EVEN if you know it’ll sell well) because you want to test the quality. It is much harder to go from producing 1 unit to producing 200… and even harder to go from producing 200 to 1000. On that note, you should ALWAYS be ordering a test product when dealing with a new Chinese supplier! You’ll have to pay for the shipping, but it is extremely important to do this to check the quality even if the supplier has a lot of reviews on Alibaba. Tip #2: Do due diligence on the supplier That said, reviews on Alibaba are very important. When using Alibaba to source Chinese suppliers, check the reviews. Only work with suppliers that have positive reviews. Be sure to check the address of the supplier on Google Maps. Ensure that there is a factory at the address noted. If there isn’t a factory, then it is likely a middle man… which means you’re paying inflated prices, and not the at-cost price. And pick up the phone and give them a call. Make sure someone picks up the phone and talks to you (yes - this may seem obvious, but a lot of people don’t do this simple thing). Even better is if you can find people who can personally recommend Chinese suppliers to you. This way, you can work with suppliers that you can trust from the get-go. Tip #3: Build a strong relationship with your supplier and representative This is an important lesson not just when importing from China but for business and life in general. Treat people with respect and they will treat you with respect as well. Think about it: If someone was disrespectful to you, would you want to help them? On the other hand, if someone is nice to you, don’t you want to help them? Be respectful, and friendly. In addition, Chinese suppliers like you to be formal in your communication style with them. They like to be told directly that you appreciate their business and are happy with the products being produced. They will be hoping to turn you into a long-term client, and want the positive feedback, so be sure to give it to them. Tip #4: Don’t feel you need to speak Mandarin When importing from China, some people get put off by the perceived language barrier. “But I only know English… can I still import from China?” Yes - you can! Chinese factories have English representatives specifically for people like you. Their English is good and you’ll have minimal language barriers. Don’t let this stop you from profiting from the very cheap products you can source from China. Now, when importing from China there are some things you can do to minimize the language barrier. One, use short sentences, and do not include extra fluff. Be straight to the point. Two, use professional language, do not use slang. Three, be aware that there are multiple types of “English.” Four, don’t assume that your representative knows YOUR particular flavour of English. Avoid country-specific words and isms. Tip #5: Remember that when importing from China “yes” doesn’t always mean YES. In China it is considered impolite for the suppliers to say no. So, even when they want to say no… they are unlikely to, and will often say yes instead. However, this doesn’t mean it is a yes. It is a no. But they will say “yes” anyway. It is one frustrating quirk. If you sense any hesitation in their “yes” ask them the same question, be reworded differently multiple times. If you ever get a “maybe” that is almost always a no! We hope you enjoyed our video and learned some tips for importing from Chinese suppliers. Do you want to learn how to earn over $10,000 a month on Amazon, with dropshipping? Then be sure to download our free ebook: http://wholesaleted.com/4-step
https://wn.com/Importing_From_China_Sourcing_Products_From_Chinese_Suppliers
Import Analysis: South Africa

Import Analysis: South Africa

  • Order:
  • Duration: 2:18
  • Updated: 01 May 2014
  • views: 732
videos
A Contemporary Global Issues Powtoon on Imports from South Africa
https://wn.com/Import_Analysis_South_Africa
How To Start An Import Export Business? Are You Looking For A Profitable Business?

How To Start An Import Export Business? Are You Looking For A Profitable Business?

  • Order:
  • Duration: 12:35
  • Updated: 02 Mar 2011
  • views: 119234
videos
http://wealthyprosperity.com/ How To Start An Import Export Business - 4 things you must know How to Start an Import/Export Business - Entrepreneur.com Jun 28, 2001 ... Editor's note: This article was excerpted from our Import/Export Business start-up guide, available from SmallBizBooks.com. ... How to Start Your Own Import & Export Business The import/export business may be your answer. Not only does it require little financial investment to start, but it offers the prestige of working with ... How to Start an Import Export Business 1-2-3 How to start a home based import export business & exporting business opportunity. Amazon.com: Start Your Own Import/Export Business (9781891984815 ... This indispensable guide for succeeding in international trade is packed with valuable insights and practical advice for tapping into the lucrative global ... How To Start An Import Export Business The How To Start An Import Export Business Toolkit Is Your Roadmap To International Trade Success And A Comprehensive Resource Library That Will Help You ... How to Start Import Export Business|export import Discover how YOU can start and operate a PROFITABLE HOME-BASED import export company without risk and without capital investment. How to Start a Successful Import Export Business - SmallBizBooks.com This bestselling guide is your passport to success. As a top import/export business agent, you can net a healthy six-figure income by matching buyers and ... Import Export Coach Learn how to start your own import export business today! ... Every entrepreneur who wants to start an import export business. ... Export Import Guide | Business.gov Information on the export and import of specific products regulated by federal agencies. ... Use the Business.gov site map here · Start a Business ... How To Start an Import Export Business Bangladesh Pakistan United Arab Emirates Malaysia Philippines Delhi Chennai Mumbai Mahape India Johannesburg South Africa Singapore Miami FL Toronto Canada Atlanta GA USA Melbourne Australia Vietnam Viet nam China Getting started in the import and export trade business.
https://wn.com/How_To_Start_An_Import_Export_Business_Are_You_Looking_For_A_Profitable_Business
Hardwood Charcoal Export Import - Dove Agro Seeds Ltd Product profile

Hardwood Charcoal Export Import - Dove Agro Seeds Ltd Product profile

  • Order:
  • Duration: 3:00
  • Updated: 09 Apr 2015
  • views: 2731
videos
A short profile of Dove Agro Seeds Ltd, Nigeria (an African Trading Company), focusing on Charcoal, which we export, also with mention to Sesame seed, and Shea nuts.
https://wn.com/Hardwood_Charcoal_Export_Import_Dove_Agro_Seeds_Ltd_Product_Profile
Africa 2015 - The Future of Trade

Africa 2015 - The Future of Trade

  • Order:
  • Duration: 56:57
  • Updated: 04 Jun 2015
  • views: 2274
videos
http://www.weforum.org/ How will Africa grow its share of global trade over the next 25 years? Dimensions to be addressed: - Scaling intra-Africa trade - Harmonizing regional trade agreements - Free movement of people and services •Fatima Haram Acyl, Commissioner for Trade and Industry, African Union, Addis Ababa; Global Agenda Council on Competitiveness. •Yonov Frederick Agah, Deputy Director-General, World Trade Organization (WTO), Geneva. •Bob Diamond, Founder and Chief Executive Officer, Atlas Merchant Capital, USA. •Jean-Louis Ekra, President and Chairman of the Board of Directors, African Export-Import Bank, Egypt. •Michael Rake, Chairman, BT Group, United Kingdom; Co-Chair of the World Economic Forum on Africa. Moderated by •Anna Edwards, Anchor and Correspondent, Bloomberg Television, United Kingdom.
https://wn.com/Africa_2015_The_Future_Of_Trade
Nigeria's Second car Dealers Concerned over Increase in Import Duties

Nigeria's Second car Dealers Concerned over Increase in Import Duties

  • Order:
  • Duration: 3:30
  • Updated: 03 Jul 2014
  • views: 3811
videos
Second-hand car dealers, in Nigeria, have expressed concern, that a new automotive policy meant to encourage customers, to buy cars, assembled locally will hurt their business. The policy, will see an increase, in import tariffs and authorities say, it's meant to boost growth, in the local automobile sector and create employment.
https://wn.com/Nigeria's_Second_Car_Dealers_Concerned_Over_Increase_In_Import_Duties
Expanding intra African trade

Expanding intra African trade

  • Order:
  • Duration: 25:51
  • Updated: 10 Jul 2015
  • views: 4011
videos
African trade has grown more than four-fold‎ in the past two decades. The heart of it is one of Africa's unpopular institutions, namely: The African Export-Import Bank. CNBC Africa explores some of the latest ideas on expanding intra African trade and harnessing the continent's resources and industrialising Africa.
https://wn.com/Expanding_Intra_African_Trade